12/02/2018 Travel

Isla del Sol in Bolivia: origin of the Inca Empire

Hikes between cultivation terraces, archaeological ruins and indigenous populations in the Titicaca, the highest navigable lake in the world.

 
La Paz, Bolivia (09/21/2017) .- Stock image of the city of La Paz taken on September 21, 2017. On a three-hour collective trip from the capital of Bolivia, La Paz, to the colorful city of Copacabana, on the shores of the lake, a trip that includes a crossing by boat -the passengers- and by ferry -the collective- to cross the Tiquina channel.
Jorge Cubas/ARCHIVE LANA (09/21/2017)
 
 
 
 

Legend says that the sun, the main divinity of the Incas, created a series of islands on Lake Titicaca and ordered their sons, Manco Capac and Mama Ocllo, brothers and husbands at the same time, to march north.

 
 
 
Copacabana, Bolivia .- (Photo of Copacabana taken on September 22, 2017) From Copacabana, boats leave for Isla del Sol, which juts out from the waters of the highest navigable lake in the world - the highest part of the island is just over 3,900 meters above sea level - which was once the ceremonial center of the island.
Jorge Cubas / ARCHIVE LANA (09/22/2017)
 
 
 
 
 

And he gave them a golden cane so that they would try to sink it with a single blow on the ground, in each place where they would spend the night. The cane sank in the hill Huanacaure, and then the brothers understood that it was the place that his father had designated to found a city that would be "the navel of the world".

 
 
Isla del Sol, Bolivia .- (Photo of Isla del Sol taken on September 22, 2017.) The highest part of the island is just over 3,900 meters above sea level - which was once the ceremonial center of the island.
Jorge Cubas / ARCHIVE LANA (09/22/2017)
 
 
 
 

They called it Cusco, and it was the capital of the Empire of the Tahuantinsuyo or Inca empire, which governed a large part of South America until the arrival of the Spaniards, in the 15th century.

To found this empire, the brothers departed from the heart of Lake Titicaca: the Isla del Sol, a sacred site, small - about 10 kilometers long and 5 kilometers wide - and of great beauty, where today it is spoken in Quechua and Aymara and where three communities coexist: Yumani in the south (the largest community and the most visited area); Challa, in the area of the central coast, and Challapampa, in the north.

 
 
Isla del Sol, Bolivia .- (Photo of Isla del Sol taken on September 22, 2017.) The highest part of the island is just over 3,900 meters above sea level - which was once the ceremonial center of the island.
Jorge Cubas / ARCHIVE LANA (09/22/2017)
 
 
 
 

It is a three-hour collective trip from the capital of Bolivia, La Paz, to the colorful town of Copacabana, on the shores of the lake, a trip that includes a crossing by boat -the passengers- and by ferry -the collective- to cross the Tiquina channel.

 
 
Isla del Sol, Bolivia .- (Photo of Isla del Sol taken on September 22, 2017.) The highest part of the island is just over 3,900 meters above sea level - which was once the ceremonial center of the island.
Jorge Cubas / ARCHIVE LANA (09/22/2017)
 
 
 

From Copacabana, boats leave for Isla del Sol, which juts out from the waters of the highest navigable lake in the world - the highest part of the island is just over 3,900 meters above sea level - which was once the ceremonial center of the island.

 
 
Isla del Sol, Bolivia .- (Photo of Isla del Sol taken on September 22, 2017.) The highest part of the island is just over 3,900 meters above sea level - which was once the ceremonial center of the island.
Jorge Cubas / ARCHIVE LANA (09/22/2017)
 
 
 
 

The Incas and today is inhabited by indigenous communities of Quechua and Aymara origin that are mainly dedicated to agriculture and pastoralism, although increasingly also to tourism and crafts.

 

PAL.CP.AB.LANA